Repetitive strain injury occurs once the movable parts of the limbs are injured. Most of the times, the victims with this injury are computer professionals, musicians, students, and others who have to make use of their hands regularly in a repetitive manner.
The users experience constant pain in the hands, elbows, shoulders, neck, and the back. Other symptoms are cramps, tingling, and numbness in the hands. The hand movements of an individual may become clumsy and the individual could find it difficult even to fasten buttons.
Another variant may produce painful symptoms in top of the limbs, but the website may be difficult to locate.
The common diagnoses seen in this group are Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, Tenosynovitis, Bursitis, White Limb, and Shoulder pain. An important cause is strain as a result of long unbroken periods of work. Ergonomics or the possible lack of it plays a very important role. Insufficient information regarding the situation results in neglect by the concerned individuals.
People concerned should seek medical attention when early symptoms set in. Measures that may be adopted at an individual level include:
Posture: The recommended posture to sit before a pc is semi-reclined with the forearms resting in a hold or on an extension of the keyboard support. There ought to be ample support for the back. The hands ought to be free and point in the direction of the forearms. The feet should rest on the floor or feet support. The length of the monitor ought to be 18 inches or maybe more and at a slightly lower level than the eye level.
Rest: An individual should take short breaks every 15 minutes and slightly long breaks after every hour.
Hydration: Drink adequate fluids to help keep the tendons and soft tissues soft.
Shortcuts: Use keyboard shortcuts instead of mouse. Touch the keyboard softly and do not pound at it. The wrist should rest on the table or wrist rest.
Telephone use: Don’t cradle the telephone between the facial skin and shoulder while working, as this may cause neck strain.
Messages: Don’t use the computer while conveying messages in person or through the intercom.
No games: Games or surfing at work may increase stress on your own hands.
Preventive Measures at the Organizational Level: Organizations that use computers in a big way can also adopt certain preventive measures.
1.You need certainly to educate your employees on the importance of adopting a suitable posture.
2.Ensure that your employees are using quality ergonomic furniture that will save loss of working hours by guaranteeing full comfort of the employees.
3.Give periodic reminders through lectures and audio-visual presentations by medical professionals on the importance of taking excellent care of health while using computers.
When symptoms set in, consult an orthopedic surgeon. Do not make the diagnosis yourself. The diagnosis will soon be made from the history and clinical findings as you will see no changes in X-rays, considering that the soft tissues are involved. Nerve conduction studies can confirm the diagnosis. In cases detected earlier, attention to ergonomics will restore normalcy.
In cases diagnosed late, orthopedic treatment like injections and even minor surgery may be necessary.
Remember that the computer related hazards are not likely to hamper your lifetime in an exceedingly short span of time. But it might take years showing the symptoms. As I said earlier, prevention is preferable to cure.